by Hyo Lim
Gum disease—one of the most common oral diseases in the world—is caused by the infection of the gum tissues by bacteria and other pathogens. Even in this country, with the ready access to dental care and oral hygiene products, gum disease affects a majority of the population. The reason for this situation is that in the beginning stages there may be no noticeable symptoms. However, periodontal disease—the medical term for gum disease—left unchecked and untreated, can lead to pain, impaired oral function and possible problems in other parts of the body. A brief discussion of this common disease and the current treatment options may help reduce the fairly high risk.